7th Century: Nomadic Slav tribes (Slovenes, Croats, Serbs) settle in South-Eastern Europe
9th Century-11th Century: King Tomaislav, King Petar Kresimir IV and King Zvonimir create the powerful Croatian state
1091: The last Croatian king dies childless...King Ladislav I of Hungary claims the Croatian throne.
1526: The Hungro-Croatian kingdom is torn into parts by the Ottoman Turks and parts of Croatia becomes under Habsburg rule while the rest is under the Ottoman Empire
1848: Revolution breaks out through the Habsburg Empire. The Croats hold elections to a national assembly and appoint Count Josip Jelacic as their Viceroy. The count helps the Austrian Habsburgs defeat the Hungarians, but the Croatian loyalty is not rewarded with extra autonomy.
1918: Th Habsburg Empire is on the losing side of World War One and begins to fragment. The Slovenes an Croats declare independence and form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes...which was later renamed Yugoslavia
1945: Croatia becomes a republic within the communist-controlledYugoslavia
1971: Zagreb is at the center of the "Croatian Spring" a movement promoting greater cultural freedom and political autonomy. Tito's communist regime crushes the movement, causing a decade of political stagnation.
1990: Croatia holds its first free elections. The statue of 19th century Josip Jelacic, taken down by the communists in 1945, is returned to Zagreb
1991-1995: Serbian insurgents supported by the Yugoslav army take over 30% of Croatia's territory. Zagreb is only 30km from the front line.
1995: Croatian military victory brings the war to a close
This is the rapid overview of the Croatia's history--it is much more violent and controversial...but I feel that these dates highlight the very basic idea of its history.
|Modern Day Croatia|